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History of ceramics


During the prehistory, the clay had an important and meaning role in man’s life. Thanks to the clay, bins and containers were produced. The decoration were realized on the surface of the gross item with the use of tools, such as tips, ropes.
So decorations such holes were produced and, at the end of the process, the object was fired. Also during the Egyptian age, products in ceramics were realized. The Egyptian potter, used the clay-like mud from Nile, kneading and working it with the use of a small and manual lathe. After that, the pot was fired. Pots and amphoras were decorated with illustrations, mythological scenes and animals. Moreover, little statues and amulets were produced to put into the graves. Old Greeks too realized ceramics, pots, amphoras and goblets. All the Greek potter’s decoration was realized following mathematic and geometrical rules; the decorations were geometrical, complex and stylish. The colors used were: red-orange and black.

The Etruscan culture is also important for the production of the Etruscan bucchero that is known for its black color. There were two kinds of bucchero: the thin one, after the cooking, was decorated with graffiti, the heavy one was decorated in relief with animals, anthropomorphic and vegetal items. In Middle Age, ceramics fall into decay but during the Renaissance, it acquired once again its importance.
In this period, above all in Spain and Italia, more stylish ceramics items (especially dishes, centre-pieces, plates) were decorated with landscapes and illustration.
In Italy, the most important places are: Montelupo and Siena in Tuscany, Gubbio and Deruta in Umbria. In Spain, the traditions of Moorish majolica kept for a long period of time. It is assumed, that the name 2majolica” derives from the Isle of Maiorca, where these products were distributed.ceramic The following centuries are characterized from the production of even more stylish items and porcelain in Germany, Italy and France. In Italy, Doccias (in 174) and Capodimonte (1743) great manufactures were born.
In 1800, a particular style did not develop, but ceramics inspired by the Old Age and Renaissance were realized. Still today, the production of ceramics covers the Italian lands, thanks to all the potters who preserve this old art.